Subject areas for useful resources

Teachers and parents may assist students with any subject in which they have trouble understanding with useful resources that cater to a specific subject area. Here are some topics that definitely require useful resources during the learning process:

History Math Subject

– mathematical formulas, times tables, roman numerals, names of angles, and equation differences;

– English literary devices, grammar rules, vocabulary, difficult words to spell, and words and meanings;

Literature English Subject

– Geographical location names, labels on a map, and notes on the interaction of air, land, and sea;

– Historical events and period they occurred, names of noteworthy people in history, and changes

– Business terms, definitions, advantages and disadvantages of systems

– Accounting formats, rules, examples of reports, and notes on taxes

– Spanish and French translation, and difficult words to remember

See also:

Tech in the classroom

Group learning yays and nays

The sensory learner and classroom design

Everyone has a preference with food, movies, music, books, and cars. In the same way, people have sensory preferences when it comes to learning. There are four styles of learning that help students to retain lessons best when they use the ones of their choice. These are visual, auditory, read-write, and kinesthetic learning styles.Four Types of Learners

In a classroom, the instruction given by the teacher must cater to each learner so that all students can learn the same lesson effectively. Here is an example of classroom design that caters to four different learners during a literature session faced with the topic Little Red Riding Hood.

Visual Learner

Visual learner may rather look at pictures that show a girl wearing a red hooded cape, holding a brown basket of goodies in a green forest and encountering the big brown furry wolf dressed as a grandmother. This student remembers the story best by seeing images of the action that takes places throughout the tale with face expressions that are happy, surprised, frightened and sad.

Auditory LearnerAuditory Learner

Auditory learner gets excited when he or she listens to a dramatic classical instrumental with the sounds of birds chirping, frogs croaking, owls hooting, snakes hissing, raindrops falling and the story being read aloud by the teacher with a suspenseful tone. The auditory learner becomes more attentive when listening to recordings, music, videos and voices.

Reading and Writing LearnerRead Write Learner

Read-write learner prefers to read the entire story, visualise the imagery with the language used that appeals to the five senses, and then write an overview about it. This student enjoys book reports, essay writing, comparative analysis, character sketches, and reading for fun.

Read Write Learner

Some examples of the imagery created are the visual terms “red cloak”, “lovely flowers”, “butterflies flit about”, “dark shadow” and “pointy ears”; onomatopoeic words that appeal to the auditory sense like “frogs croaking”, “knocked lightly at the door”, “cackly voice” and “wolf gobbled her up”; the olfactory expression “Granny’s perfume”; tactile description “warm summer day”; and at the end of the story “Little Red Riding Hood and her grandmother had a nice lunch” which appeals to the gustatory sense.

Kinesthetic Learner Kinesthetic Learner

Kinesthetic learner desires role playing with costumes, learning the lines of either Little Red Riding Hood, her mother, the big bad wolf, the woodsman, or her grandmother. This student learns best when he or she dresses up and acts out the roles of the characters in a story while interacting with his or her classmates.

Mixed learning styles

Learning styles are sometimes mixed in order to make a lesson possible. Visual learners would read the story that goes with the images they love to see. Auditory learners would look at a video while enjoying the audio. Read-write learners would participate the visual, auditory, and physical activities that relate to the information they love to read and write about. Kinesthetic learners would read, write, listen, and view pictures and videos about the story in order to gather information to perform a skit.Kinesthetic Learner

While some students may enjoy only one learning style, others love the incorporation of several. These learners may remember the information using more than one activities that relate to their everyday social lives. Some of these are:

Reciting, singing or rapping involve reading, writing, listening, and speaking skillsKinesthetic Learner

– Dancing, skipping or jogging to music use listening and physical skills

– Performing skits or playing mystery games require reading, listening, speaking, and physical skills

Originally posted 2017-09-01 15:38:19.

Tech in the classroom

When a giant screen turns on in a classroom, have you ever notice how quickly the faces of the students glow with amazement? They have no idea what’s about to show but they feel enthusiastic to find out. They know it’s for educational purposes but who cares what it’s for when this amazing tech device with motion pictures and sounds stands before them in all its glory. Here are some ideas for teachers to incorporate technology into their lesson plans that cater to the four learning styles.

Visual technology

Boy with camera - Technology - tech

The visual learner likes to work with images. They learn well and remember items when they view photographs, illustrations, diagrams, maps, colours, shapes and expressions.

A visual student presented with a photo camera and an assignment to tell a story about a specific topic using photography can create magic. They can use computer software to create a photo story and do graphic designs using image editing programmes. If a group of visual learners are placed together, the creativity becomes diverse and more interesting.

Auditory technologyAuditory Learner - Technology - tech

Bring out the voice recorders, radios, musical keyboards, latest musical hits, instrumentals and sound effects. The students who enjoy learning while listening to a beat or rapping to it would be enthralled with these devices. They may use rhyme, rhythm, and song to make a presentation about literary devices, trigonometry, historical events, or animals on a farm.

Read-write technologyRead Write Technology - tech

Reading and writing fans don’t only need text books, pens, markers and paper. They could research and download information using computers and tablets, create Power Point presentations, write their views online with blogs and websites, and print their articles in newsletters, books, and magazines. Students who favour reading and writing while learning are drawn to the technology that prepares them to be future authors, editors, journalists, and bloggers.

Kinesthetic technologyKinesthetic Learner - tech

Students who like to be in motion when they learn would love a variety of devices to keep them occupied. They can use a video camera to create skits, plays, role playing, dances, sports and demonstrations.

Microphone - Technology - tech

For outdoor scientific research, the can use binoculars, magnifying glasses, photo cameras and tape recorders. To make presentations, they can use computers, software for graphic, animation, and movie making to wow their classmates with their artistic talent. Also, debates can be made more interesting with buzzers and microphones.



Originally posted 2017-09-01 15:26:32.

Personalised learning in the classroom

The personalised learning approach takes into account each student’s needs and preferences in the classroom. A teacher who knows each student’s strengths, weaknesses, preferred learning styles, behaviours and special needs can design instructions that are student-centred and that allow them to learn at their own pace. Great Results - Personalised Learning

Although this approach requires the teacher to do a lot of work during the planning stage, it converts into great success for everyone in the end. No student is left behind and the teacher achieves the objectives of the lesson plan successfully.

Learning styles and personalised learning

Teachers can use materials and technology that relate to the four learning styles when creating a personalised learning environment:

Visual – charts, posters, maps, diagrams, photos, and videos

Auditory – music, voice recordings, videos, and speaking aloud

Read-Write – book reports, presentations, comprehension passages, and internet research

Kinesthetic – dramatisations, skits, games, and scavenger hunts

Project - Personalised Learning

Exercises should encourage students to identify, read, listen, ask, feel, think, write, draw, build, analyse, synthesise, and evaluate different aspects of the topics.

They must be able to learn and express themselves in the way that suits them best. Also, those with similar learning preferences can be grouped together for projects.

Students a teacher should know about

A classroom is made up of several types of students and it is important for the teacher to know exactly who they are so as to zone in on their needs even more. For every type of student known in the classroom, there may be one who is the complete opposite. Knowledge of this helps to shape the instruction for a personalised learning setting even better.

If the teacher understands that a gifted student who excels at every subject prefers to learn by reading and writing while being challenged, then the instruction for that student would involve a lot of reading, essay writing, and written projects. The delayed student who gets left behind in a fast paced chalk and talk setting may appreciate flash cards, charts, videos, music, costumes, skits, group projects, bouncing balls and hula hoops.

The attentive student who listens considerately, reads and follows instructions precisely, and does assignments well may like games with rules such as charades, Scrabble, Pictionary, and puzzles to keep his or her attention. The distracted student who daydreams in class, sneaks a peak at his or her cell phone every minute, acts dumbfounded when asked a spontaneous question, and has no idea what the lesson is about during the session may need as many focus exercises as possible such as hocus focus, text twist, word scramble, and word sleuth.

The disciplined student who acknowledges the difference between right and wrong, works alone and is usually in control of his or her own achievements may need to experience what it means to excel as a team with group projects that present skits and games like charades and Pictionary. The undisciplined student who is disobedient, badly behaved, disruptive and out of control may need exercises that make him or her feel useful such as debates so that his or her opinion would matter in a competitive setting.

The outspoken student who has an opinion about almost anything wants to be heard so a group presentation or play would allow this student to shine. The quiet student who hardly ever speaks or does it inaudibly when asked a question, barely interacts with his or her peers, and acts cowardly during presentations would be the perfect group member to do the work that are behind the scenes such as research, planning, and essay writing.

Originally posted 2017-09-01 15:23:44.

Tips for parents to help students at home

Parents and child helpNo one wants to be labelled “a bad parent” especially when it comes to their children’s education. Here are some tips for mommies and daddies to get in the game and help their children without having to go back to school.

Parents can help with fun learning materialsProject - Parents help

Learning academic subjects requires an active mind and body. Parents can provide fun learning materials for children to stay focussed. Games such as Text Twist, Bookworm and Hangman challenge the mind by keeping it busy.

Charts, diagrams and posters with formulas, definitions, examples of literary devices and pictures with labels eventually get imprinted in the mind when seen constantly on a wall. A parent can join in on the fun with flashcards, puzzles, Pictionary, Scrabble and other games to keep the home lively at all times.

Ask questions and listen attentively

When children get home from school, parents usually ask, “How was your day?” They should always follow with questions about the topics covered in each class. This conversation should not take very long unless the children are very talkative.Parents listen to child speaking

The more information is shared the easier it is to find an interesting area for which assistance can be offered. The trick is to identify the weak areas of children’s studies. It’s important to ask, “How did you find that lesson?” and, “What grade did you receive for that exercise?” in order to get the answers they are seeking.

Let children make weekly presentationsPresentation - Parents Involvement help

Parents can create a “presentation day” for children to explain all the topics done in school for the week. They are able to see if their children understand the lessons taught at school and at the same time they learn the work so as to assist them even better. Take notes during the presentation, ask many questions after to ensure that the information presented is indeed understood by the presenter and not taken straight from the text book.

Review homework dailyReviewing Homework - Parents Involvement help

Many guardians go through children’s homework to ensure it was done and sometimes to put their signature for the teacher to see. Not everybody actually looks at the work to see if it was done properly though. Even if parents do not understand the work, at least they should let their children give details about it at the end of each day. This reduces the chances for embarrassment at the school when teachers talk about adults who sign homework that was done incorrectly.

Originally posted 2017-09-01 15:20:32.

Outdoor learning for students and the family

The world outside the home and school has more to it than traffic congestion, buildings, parks, and people pacing busily through the streets.Outdoor Learning There are many outdoor options for families and schools to enjoy for educational purposes and to have a great time. Here are some outdoor activities to consider when planning your next family outing or field trip.

Spend a day at a river

A river is not only for camping and bathing but offers many outdoor lessons. The topic of rivers can come to life with a visit to a local river. Students, parents and teachers may take notes, photos and videos of the ecology of the river, that is the relationships living organisms have with each other and with their environment.Outdoor Learning

It is important to note the water flow, the main factor that makes the river ecology different from other water ecosystems and the substrate, the surface which the river organisms live.

The fun part will be looking for plants on land and underwater such as algae, invertebrates like crayfish, snails, clams, and mussels, fish that will remain close to the bottom or hide behind obstacles, and birds that prey on the fish. The best activity at the river will be splashing in the fresh cool water and having a swim.

Take a hike for some outdoor learningOutdoor Learning

There is so much to see, hear and learn when hiking being an interesting outdoor event. As long as everyone is equipped with the proper hiking boots, compasses, binoculars, cameras, water bottles, snacks, sunscreens, and first aid kit, the hike would be an educational and fulfilling trip. Any outdoor place approved for hiking will be suitable because nature is seen in all its beauty.

Surprise for students at the crop plantation

A visit to a crop plantation may surprise students when they see the raw state of foods they love to eat.Crop Plantation - Outdoor Learning Some people are fascinated when they see the fruits and vegetables usually seen at the supermarket, in their refrigerators and on their plates hanging from plants, trees, and buried in the ground. A tour around a crop plantation can be more interesting especially if the farmer reaps the carrots, eddoes, potatoes, and other foods from the ground as a demonstration.

Animal farm adventure

A visit to an animal farm is an excellent way to learn about agricultural science. Students do this subject at school so being exposed to an operational farm in their district would be more than a lesson, but an adventure.Animal Farm- Outdoor Learning

They would see several animals in real life for the first time, learn about them, might be able to interact with them if allowed to pet or feed them, and can bring the information in their text books about animals to life. The experience is both fulfilling and entertaining.

Originally posted 2017-09-01 15:14:27.

Group learning yays and nays

Group learning is an important aspect of classroom design. It involves all the activities carried out at a work place, dance academy, football club, and even a home.Group Learning Students collaborate, communicate, assign roles, support each other, and in the end, join parts together to present a complete project. While this process may seem straightforward, there are several shortcomings in group learning projects for teachers to take into consideration.

Role assignments in group workChildren - Group work

Many teachers see group work as an opportunity for their students to get involved with the lesson. They expect that the various personalities, cultural backgrounds, experiences, and knowledge would merge together and explode into a big bright rainbow of wonderfulness.

What many teachers don’t practise is assigning roles to group members. They believe no one should be the boss and everyone should have a fair say. We all know how that goes all too well. The clashing of demographics can actually do more harm than good.

Just like the work place has a manager, a football team has a coach, and the home has parents, classroom groups have leaders, even if no one wants to admit it. The leadership role usually manifests itself. In the case where there are more than one strong members who want to take charge, there are arguments, resentment, and discontent. The weaker students usually get lost in the whole fiasco.

Participation from the members

A group that is made up of students with varying strengths and weaknesses is expected by the teacher to be cooperative when it comes to deciding who does what for the final project. The teacher may not consider the unequal participation that may occur.Project - Group Learning

While the feisty investigator prepares and distributes questionnaires to students at the school, collect and analyse them, and offer viable conclusions to the project, another researcher simply paraphrases a few sentences from Wikipedia as his or her contribution.

Developing team work skills

Team building is a common reason given for group work. Each member supposedly learns from the other. They build relationships, learn how to cope with clashing personalities, and resolve problems eventually to reach a common goal. A weak person becomes strong and a strong person becomes stronger.Group Learning

In reality, the strong leads and the weak trails behind. When students have a goal to accomplish in a short space of time, who has time to be nice to those slower students? These students are shut out because the strong ones are focussed on getting the job done as quickly as possible. Just like in the work place where one employee feels victimised because he or she keeps back production, the weak students may also feel bullied.

Who benefits and who feels cheated?

The teacher believes there is one ultimate goal to be judged and that is the final project. It does not matter what went into its making, what matters is the outcome of the product in the end. At a restaurant, no one cares that the chef cooked the entire meal all by himself because his staff walked out. Hungry patrons simply want the meal they ordered in the time promised. The restaurant gets the credit not the chef.Group Learning

In a group project, the group is commended for its success, not the students who did most of the work. The students who skylark and do the bare minimum for the project reaps an excellent grade and the hard workers feel indignant.

The unfairness is real in many groups. So, before teachers scream, “Yay, it’s group work time!” They should know that there are students who grumble, “Nay, I hate group work.” Teachers should know their students’ strengths and weaknesses, group them accordingly, and assign leadership roles to the strong ones based on previous grades.

Originally posted 2017-09-01 15:07:13.