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Crafting your ideal resume: A guide for young professionals

The congratulations have died down, the graduation photos are posted, and that exciting, yet slightly terrifying, feeling of possibility hangs in the air. The job hunt is on and it’s time to send out your resume!

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It’s a thrilling time, filled with hope and the potential to launch your dream career. But before you dive headfirst into a sea of applications, there’s one crucial step you need to take: crafting a resume that shines.

Because in this competitive world, your resume is your first impression, your chance to grab the attention of a potential employer and convince them that you’re the perfect fit for the job. Here’s a breakdown to help you create a winning resume that will make you stand out from the crowd.

Building your resume: A step-by-step guide

1. Contact information

This is your professional storefront, so make a good first impression! Here’s what to include:

Full name

This seems obvious, but you’d be surprised! Use the name you go by professionally.

Phone number

Include your most reliable phone number with a clear area code.

Professional email address

This is crucial! Create an email address specifically for job applications. Avoid nicknames, funky spellings, or anything unprofessional.

Think “YourFirstNameLastName@EmailWebsite]”.

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2. Craft a summary or objective

Think of this as your resume’s elevator pitch – a concise introduction that grabs the reader’s attention and highlights your value. Here’s the breakdown:

Keep it short

Aim for 2-3 sentences.

Tailor it

Adapt your summary or objective to each job you apply for. Highlight skills and experiences most relevant to the position.

Focus on value

Briefly showcase what you bring to the table. Are you a recent graduate with a passion for marketing? A customer service whiz with a knack for problem-solving?

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3. Experience section

Even if you’re fresh out of school, this section can be a goldmine! Here’s how to make it shine.

Expand your definition of experience

Don’t limit yourself to paid jobs. Include volunteer work, internships, or even side hustles (think babysitting, pet walking, or freelancing).

Focus on achievements

Don’t just list your responsibilities. Use strong action verbs and quantifiable results to show what you accomplished. For example, instead of “Volunteered at a local animal shelter,” write “Organised a fundraising event that increased donations by 20%.”

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4. Education section

The education section showcases your academic background. Here’s what to include:

School name

List your current or past school(s).

Degree (if applicable)

Indicate your degree (e.g., Bachelor of Arts in English) or expected graduation date if you’re still enrolled.

Highlight relevant details

Don’t just list your major. Mention relevant coursework, academic achievements (awards, scholarships), or projects that demonstrate transferable skills.

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5. Skills section

This section is your chance to showcase your abilities beyond your academic background or previous job titles. Here’s what to focus on:

Transferable skills

These are skills that can be applied across different job types. Think communication, teamwork, problem-solving, time management, or proficiency in specific computer programmes.

Be specific

Don’t just say “computer skills”. List the specific programmes you’re proficient in (e.g., Microsoft Office Suite, Adobe Creative Suite).

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What to include in your resume: Highlighting your strengths

Your resume is a billboard for your skills and experiences. To make it shine, you want to include elements that showcase your value as a potential employee. Here’s a breakdown of what to include.

1. Relevant experiences

This is all about demonstrating that you have the background and skills needed for the job. Don’t just list your past positions; highlight the experiences that directly connect to the requirements mentioned in the job description.

Think beyond paid jobs

Include volunteer work, internships, side hustles, or even projects you undertook outside of a traditional work setting. Every experience can teach valuable skills, so showcase what you learned and accomplished.

Quantify your achievements

Numbers grab attention! Use strong verbs to showcase the actions you took and the results you achieved. For example, instead of “Assisted with marketing campaigns,” try “Developed and implemented social media strategy that increased brand awareness by 20%.”

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2. Strong verbs that showcase your actions

Resumes are full of verbs, but not all verbs are created equal. Instead of generic words like “responsible for” or “performed”, use action verbs that paint a clear picture of your skills and initiative. Here are some examples:

  • Leadership: Spearheaded, managed, coordinated, delegated, mentored
  • Communication: Presented, negotiated, facilitated, explained, interviewed
  • Problem-solving: Analysed, identified, resolved, implemented, streamlined
  • Teamwork: Collaborated, partnered, contributed, motivated, supported

3. Quantifiable achievements

Adding numbers to your achievements helps employers see the tangible impact you made in your previous roles.

Quantify results

Did you increase sales, improve efficiency, or solve a specific problem? Put a number on it! For example, “Reduced customer service wait times by 10%.”

Use percentages

Show improvements or growth using percentages. This adds context and makes your achievements more impactful.

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What to skip: Keeping your resume clean and professional

While you want to showcase your strengths, there are also elements you should avoid including on your resume. Here’s what to keep off your resume.

1. Irrelevant hobbies

Hobbies can reveal interesting things about your personality, but unless a hobby directly relates to the job or showcases a relevant skill, it’s best to leave it off.

Focus on relevant skills. If a particular hobby demonstrates a transferable skill you want to highlight (e.g., photography showcases your creativity and attention to detail), then consider including it. But avoid generic hobbies like watching movies or playing video games.

2. Full address

In today’s digital age, a full address isn’t necessary on a resume. Including your phone number and city or state is sufficient for employers to reach you.

3. Typos and grammatical errors

There’s no excuse for typos or grammatical errors on your resume. Proofread meticulously, or ask someone else to review your document before submitting it. A resume riddled with errors creates a negative impression and makes you seem careless.

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What employers look for in a winning resume: A keen eye for value

Your resume is your chance to shine, but it’s also a busy recruiter’s first impression. In a sea of applicants, how do you make yours stand out? Here’s what employers typically look for when scanning resumes.

Keyword match

Recruiters often use applicant tracking systems (ATS) to filter resumes based on keywords from the job description. Make sure your resume incorporates relevant keywords throughout, but don’t overdo it.

Skills match

Beyond keywords, employers are looking for evidence that you possess the skills and experience necessary to succeed in the role. Highlight your skills section and use strong action verbs and quantifiable achievements to showcase your capabilities.

Results and achievements

Employers are impressed by candidates who can demonstrate a track record of success. Focus on achievements in your past experiences that showcase your ability to solve problems, improve processes, or generate positive results.

Transferable skills

Even if you’re new to the workforce or changing careers, you likely possess transferable skills that are valuable to employers. Highlight these skills, such as communication, teamwork, problem-solving, or time management, and demonstrate how you’ve applied them in previous experiences.

Conciseness and clarity

Recruiters often have limited time to review resumes. Keep your resume concise (ideally 1-2 pages) and use a clear, easy-to-read format.

Professional presentation

This includes using a professional font, maintaining consistent formatting throughout, and proofreading meticulously for typos and grammatical errors. A sloppy presentation creates a negative impression.

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Making the most with no experience: Showcasing your potential

Even if you’re fresh out of school and haven’t had a traditional job yet, there are plenty of ways to make your resume shine and convince employers you’re a valuable candidate. Here’s how to turn your lack of experience into an asset.

1. Highlight transferable skills

Formal work experience isn’t the only way to develop valuable skills. Think about the experiences you’ve had outside of the workplace and the skills you honed through those experiences.


Did you captain a sports team, hold a leadership position in a club, or organise a school event? These experiences demonstrate your ability to take initiative, motivate others, and delegate tasks.


Did you participate in debate competitions, write for the school newspaper, or give presentations in class? These experiences showcase your communication skills, both written and verbal.


Were you part of a team project, volunteer group, or musical ensemble? These experiences highlight your ability to collaborate effectively with others, navigate different personalities, and work towards a common goal.


Did you participate in academic competitions like Science Olympiad or Robotics Club? Did you overcome challenges in a volunteer project? These experiences demonstrate your critical thinking skills, your ability to analyse problems, and develop solutions.

2. Quantify your achievements (even without traditional work experience)

While you may not have formal job titles, you can still showcase your achievements using numbers and results.

Volunteer work

Did you volunteer at a local animal shelter and help them increase their social media following by 20%? Quantify your impact!

Academic projects

Did you lead a research project in your senior year that resulted in a new discovery or innovative solution? Highlight the outcome and the skills you used to achieve it.

Personal projects

Did you build a website from scratch, learn a new coding language, or create a successful social media campaign for a personal cause? Showcase your initiative and ability to learn independently.

3. Emphasise relevant coursework

Your coursework demonstrates your academic background and the knowledge you’ve acquired. Carefully review the job description and identify specific courses or projects that align with the required skills. Highlight these courses in your education section and elaborate on how they prepared you for the job.

4. Show your passion and eagerness to learn

Employers are often impressed by candidates who demonstrate a genuine passion for the field or industry they’re applying to. Highlight any relevant coursework, extracurricular activities, or personal projects that showcase your interest. Express your eagerness to learn and grow in your chosen career path.

Referral power: Leveraging your network for a strong recommendation

Imagine this: two resumes land on a recruiter’s desk. Both seem qualified, but one has a glowing recommendation from a well-respected professional in the field. Who do you think gets the interview?


These are individuals who can vouch for your skills, work ethic, and overall character. Including strong references on your resume can significantly boost your chances of landing an interview.

Who to include

Previous employers

If you’ve had any paid work experience, even internships or part-time jobs, consider listing your supervisor or a colleague who can speak to your performance.

Teachers or professors

Instructors who know you well and can comment on your academic performance, specific skills, and work ethic can be valuable references.

Volunteer coordinators or mentors

If you’ve volunteered extensively, consider listing the programme coordinator or a mentor who can speak to your dedication, initiative, and contributions.

The golden rule: Always ask permission!

Before listing someone as a reference, it’s crucial to obtain their consent. Briefly update them on your job search and the types of roles you’re applying for. This allows them to refresh their memory about your skills and experiences and prepare to speak about you positively.

Pro tip: Tailor your references

While you can create a general list of references, consider tailoring it slightly for each job application. If the job description emphasises a specific skill, choose a reference who can directly speak to that strength.

Confidentiality note

You may not always want to include your references directly on your resume. In some cases, you can simply state “References available upon request.” This is perfectly acceptable, and employers will know to reach out to you for contact information if they require further verification.

Honesty is key

Certainly, honesty is paramount when crafting your resume. A resume serves as a formal representation of your qualifications and abilities, essentially a promissory note to potential employers.

By ensuring the veracity of the information you present, you’re guaranteeing that employers possess an accurate depiction of your capabilities and can make well-informed decisions regarding your candidacy.

Here’s a breakdown of the ramifications of embellishing your resume:

Wasted time and effort

In the event that your resume misrepresents your qualifications, it leads to wasted time and effort for both you and the employer. You’ll invest time interviewing for a position you’re not suited for, and the employer will expend resources evaluating a candidacy that’s not a genuine fit.

Reputational harm

If your dishonesty is exposed, it can inflict serious damage to your professional reputation. Regaining trust can be an arduous process, potentially hindering your ability to secure future employment opportunities.

Job dissatisfaction

Even if you manage to land the job based on a fabricated resume, you may well find yourself struggling to fulfil the required duties. This can lead to dissatisfaction in your new role and potentially result in termination.

Honesty truly is the best policy, and your resume is no exception. By being truthful about your skills and experience, you’re setting yourself up for success in your job search and laying the foundation for a fulfilling career.

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Congratulations! You’ve reached the finish line of crafting your winning resume. Now, equipped with this knowledge, you can confidently embark on your job search and showcase your potential to future employers. Remember, your resume is a dynamic document, so tailor it for each opportunity and keep it updated as you gain experience.

This guide serves as a springboard, but don’t hesitate to explore additional resources and personalise your resume to stand out from the crowd. With dedication and a touch of creativity, you’ll land that dream interview in no time!

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See also:

Life after O levels: A world of opportunities awaits

In-demand tech jobs in the next decade

Starting your own business vs working for a company: Choosing your path

Family planning: More than birth control, a path to progress

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