Feature Articles
Trigraph edited photo. Whiteboard photo by Katerina Holmes on Pexels.com.

Trigraph: Spell better with 19 word lists of 3-letter graphemes

Make study time fun with these trigraph word lists. Having all these words in one place that include a trigraph in them, makes learning to spell new words very engaging. It is important to learn how to spell words that have a grapheme as this is critical to being able to read fluently.

Our lists include everyday words for children to use when writing poems, short stories and taking notes in their journal. Children can create their own posters, flashcards, charts and projects that display these words to improve their spelling skills during study time.

CLICK HERE to Improve Spelling and Reading Skills with 10 BOOKS OF SHORT STORIES with rimes.

What is a trigraph and what it is not

trigraph is a grapheme made by 3 letters that represent one sound. The term trigraph is used by many people for 3 letters with 3 sounds but these are really called blends. You must sound out a word very slowly in order to hear each sound.

The blends ‘spr’ and ‘scr’ are not trigraphs because they have three separate sounds as in /s/-/p/-/r/ in spread and /s/-/c/-/r/ in scream. The rimes ‘ain’ and ‘oat’ are also not trigraphs as they have two separate sounds as in /ai/-/n/ in rain and /oa/-/t/ in coat.

Trigraph word lists with 19 graphemes

Here are 19 trigraphs with word lists. These are air, are, ear, eau, eer, eir, eig, eou, dge, igh, iou, oar, oor, oul, our, ore, ure, tch and gue.


pair, hair, fair, chair, flair, stair, upstairs, downstairs, repair, fairy, air, lair

laird, dairy, unfair, airport, airline, despair, affair, impair, wheelchair


care, rare, dare, share, bare, mare, hare, ware, fare, glare, scare, flare, stare, snare, aware, prepare, welfare, careful, compare, unaware, spare, square, beware, declare, warfare, daycare, fanfare, farewell

scarecrow bareback, barefoot, carefree, careless, daredevil

dishware, glassware, cookware, tableware, software, hardware


appear, bear, beard, dear, clear, fear, tear, gear, ear, hear, near, nearly, pear, rear, spear, swear, tear, wear, year

early, earn, earth, learn, pearl, search



beauty, beautify, beautiful, beautician, beau, bureau, bureaucrat, plateau, flambeau


beer, deer, peer, steer, sheer, jeer, cheer, eerie, career, pioneer, engineer, domineer, reindeer, rocketeer, puppeteer, volunteer, racketeer, buccaneer


their, weird, weirdo


reign, foreign, feign, sovereign


gorgeous, advantageous, outrageous, righteous, nauseous, courageous, dangerous


edge, grudge, hedge, ledge, fudge, nudge, budge, judge, grudge, badge, wedge, ridge, lodge, dodge, smudge, sledge, fridge, pledge, bridge, porridge


high, sigh, nigh, light, highlight, right, slight, night, might, fight, flight, fright, plight, sight, thigh, tight, alright, knight, bright, tonight, insight, highway, delight, upright, uptight


gracious, ambitious, cautious, precious, anxious, luscious, spacious, vicious, suspicious, obnoxious, atrocious, religious, conscious, ambitious, ferocious, delicious, audacious, malicious, factious         


oar, boar, roar, outroar, board, hoard, soar, aboard, onboard, whiteboard, keyboard, motherboard, cupboard, cardboard, overboard, billboard, boarder


door, floor, poor, moor, indoor, outdoor, doorway, doormat, moorings, flooring, doorbell, doorknob, doorstop


could, would, should


four, fourth, fourteen, pour, tour, your, yourself, odour, court, course, recourse, source, mourn, gourmet, nourish, courier, flourish, resource, yourself

journey, journal, courteous, courtesy, scourge, adjourn, bourbon

tourist, tourism


British English: rumour, humour, tumour, honour, labour, colour, flavour, armour, savour, saviour, parlour, favour, harbour, vapour, armour, endevour, splendour


bore, core, fore, gore, lore, more, pore, sore, tore, wore, swore, score, shore, spore, snore, swore, store, adore, chore, afore, encore, before, ashore, galore, ignore, implore, eyesore, deplore, onshore, offshore, seashore, explore, restore, anymore, boredom, folklore, moreover, evermore, sycamore

forehead, forearm, forehand, foreword, foretell, foretold, foresee, forecast, foremost, foreman, foregone, forerun


cure, endure, mature, immature, secure, tenure, manure, nature, future, impure, purely, allure, fracture, vulture, denture, conjure, texture, torture, fixture, stature, nurture, pasture, procure, rapture, gesture, lecture, capture, culture, feature, picture, failure, venture, mixture, posture, gesture, venture, adventure, manicure, pedicure, armature, puncture, insecure, moisture, creature

sure, unsure, insure, ensure, assure, surely, unsure, surety, fissure, injure, figure, seizure, closure, measure, leisure, treasure, pressure, pleasure, brochure, exposure, composure


itch, etch, catch, fetch, switch, notch, botch, hutch, itchy, butch, butcher, hitch, ditch, latch, hatch, witch, batch, patch, pitch, watch, match, glitch, stitch, snitch, scotch, switch, sketch, clutch, snatch, twitch, ketchup, scratch, kitchen, stretch, hatchet, pitcher, ditch, hutch, dispatch


colleague, fatigue, league, vague, vogue, dialogue, catalogue, monologue, analogue, pirogue, plague, morgue, sinologue, prologue


These word lists for 19 trigraphs are very useful for spelling exercises. Students can use them to create posters, flashcards, charts, poems, short stories and notes in a journal. Make study time fun with these words and master spelling and reading quickly.

When you buy something through our retail links, we may earn commission and the retailer may receive certain auditable data for accounting purposes.

When you buy something through our retail links, we may earn commission and the retailer may receive certain auditable data for accounting purposes.

See also:

Alphabet: 7 major things to know about letters and sounds

Trace alphabet: Download 27 free worksheets

Learn alphabet: Download 27 free worksheets to colour

Words -an ending: Download 6 free worksheets to trace

Words -at ending: Download 8 free worksheets to trace

Words -am ending: Download 5 free worksheets to trace

Two letter words: Download 5 free worksheets for tracing

Trace numbers: Download 32 free worksheets for practice

Learn numbers: Download 32 free worksheets to colour

Vowels – syllables, digraphs, trigraphs, long, short and silent

Consonants – digraphs, trigraphs, hard, soft, blends, silent sounds

Spelling rules for ch, tch, ck, k, oi, oy, ou, ow, ie, ei

Affixes – rules for adding prefixes and suffixes

Phonological and phonemic awareness: Help a struggling reader with sounds

When you buy something through our retail links, we may earn commission and the retailer may receive certain auditable data for accounting purposes.

About Study Zone Institute

Check Also

Synonyms worksheets and posters

Synonyms worksheets and posters: Download 60 FREE docs to improve your vocabulary fast

Expand your vocabulary quickly with these FREE downloadable synonyms worksheets and posters. Each of the …

Wide Synonyms

Wide synonyms: Download FREE poster and worksheet

Master wide synonyms with this FREE downloadable poster and worksheet. Stick the poster on the …

Discover more from Study Zone Institute

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading